Positive Displacement Blower - Uncrating and Installation
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Installing your Positive Displacement Blower properly is the first step to optimal performance. We recommend that you follow this guide.
SECTION 1 EQUIPMENT CHECK
Before uncrating, check the packing slip carefully to be sure all the parts have been received. All accessories are listed as separate items on the packing slip, and small important accessories such as relief valves can be overlooked or lost. After every item on the packing slip has been checked off, uncrate carefully.
Register a claim with the carrier for lost or damaged equipment.
Customers are cautioned to provide adequate protection, warning and safety equipment necessary to protect personnel against hazards involved in installation and operation of this equipment in the system or facility.
Your Gardner Denver Blower was packaged at the factory with adequate protection to permit normal storage for up to six (6) months.
If the unit is to be stored under adverse conditions or for extended periods of time, the following additional measures should be taken to prevent damage.
- Store the blower in a clean, dry, heated (if possible) area.
- Make certain inlet and discharge air ports are tightly covered to prevent foreign material from entering
the air box.
- All exposed, non-painted surfaces should be protected against rust and corrosion.
- Provide adequate protection to avoid accidental mechanical damage.
- In high humidity or corrosive environments, additional measures may be required to prevent rusting of
the blower internal surfaces.
- To prevent rusting of gears, bearings, etc., the oil reservoirs may be filled with normal operating oil.
- Rotate the blower shaft (10 to 25 turns) weekly during storage. Inspect the blower shaft (near the shaft seal area) monthly and spray with rust inhibitor if needed.
- For long term storage (over six (6) months), contact Gardner Denver Compressor Division Customer Service for recommendations.
REMOVING PROTECTIVE MATERIALS
The shaft extension is protected with rust inhibitor which can be removed with any standard solvent.
Before running the blower, drain the oil and replace to the proper operating level with clean, fresh lubricant. Please use Aeon brand to keep your warranty in place.
Follow the safety directions for the solvent.
Blower inlet and outlet are temporarily capped to keep out dirt and other contaminants during shipment. These covers must be removed before start-up.
The internal surfaces of all Sutorbilt units are mist sprayed with a rust preventative to protect the machine during shipment. Remove this film upon initial startup, using any commercial safety solvent. Position the blower so that the inlet and discharge connections are in the vertical position (vertical airflow). On vertically mounted units, it will be necessary to lay the unit on its side supporting the ends of the unit so as not to restrict the port on the bottom side. Place a shallow pan on the under side of the unit. With the blower disconnected from power, spray the solvent in the top port, rotating the impellers by spinning the shaft manually. Continue this procedure until the unit is visibly clean.
Rotating components will cause severe injury in case of personal contact. Keep hands and loose clothing away from blower inlet and discharge ports.
SECTION 2 INSTALLATION
Install the blower in a well lit, clean dry place with plenty of room for inspection and maintenance.
For permanent installation we recommend concrete foundations be provided, and the equipment should be grouted to the concrete. It is necessary that a suitable base be used, such as a steel combination base under blower and motor, or a separate sole plate under each. Before grouting, equipment must be leveled, free of all strains, and anchored so no movement will occur during setting of grout. After grout has completely hardened, a recheck is necessary to compensate for shrinkage, etc. If required, add shims under blower feet after final tightening of foundation anchor bolts to remove strain from the blower housing.
Where jack screws or wedges are used during grouting, they must be backed off and wedges removed before final tightening of anchor bolts. Refer to grouting instructions.
Where a concrete foundation is not feasible, care must be taken to insure that equipment is firmly anchored to adequate structural members, restricting movement and vibration.
The blower flex-mount design enables horizontal and vertical mounting configurations with top or bottom hand,
right or left hand shaft positioning. The units are center timed allowing rotation in either direction
(refer to Figure 2-1).
REPOSITIONING THE MOUNTING FEET.
1. Position the mounting feet to the desired location and snug the capscrew.
2. Place the blower on its feet on a flat surface.
3. Loosen mounting feet capscrews and level unit up. The bench or blower base flatness should be within .002 of an inch.
If the unit is not flat within .002 of an inch, it will be necessary to shim the blower feet at installation.
FIGURE 2-1 – BLOWER MOUNTING CONFIGURATIONS
4. Secure the mounting feet capscrews to the torque value in Figure 7-9, page 38.
When selecting a V-belt drive, check to be sure the shaft overhung load limitation is not exceeded. Refer to FIGURE 2-2, page 15, for overhung load calculations and limitations.
Belt drives must be carefully aligned. Motor and blower pulleys must be parallel to each other and in the same plane within 1/32 inch. Belt tension should be carefully adjusted to the belt manufacturer’s recommendation using a belt tension gauge. Check tension frequently during the first day of operation.
On the direct connected units, alignment and lubrication of couplings to specifications of the coupling manufacturer is very important. When mounted drives are supplied from the factory proper alignment has been established before shipment. However, during shipping, handling and installation, it is likely that the alignment has been disturbed and final adjustment must be made before startup.
When changing mounting configuration, it may be necessary to reposition breather/oil fill (B), oil level gauge (H) and drain plug (A). Refer to Figure 3-1, page 17, for correct location.
Over tightening belts leads to heavy bearing loads and premature failure.
Exceeding overhung load limitations leads to unwarrantable premature bearing failure and shaft breakage.
The location of the sheave on the blower shaft greatly affects the stress in the shaft. The optimum blower sheave positioning is as close as possible to the blower drive cover, not to exceed dimension “C” in Drive Shaft Illustration, FIGURE 2-2, page 15
The calculated shaft moment must not exceed the maximum allowable moment listed in Maximum Allowable Moment Chart, FIGURE 2-2 page 15. If the calculated shaft moment exceed the maximum allowable moment:
- Increase Sheave Diameters to Reduce Belt Pull
- Use Jackshaft Drive
- Use Direct Coupled or Gearbox Drive
To calculate shaft moment for a given V-Belt Drive Arrangement:
1. Use the formula for Calculation of Belt Pull, FIGURE 2-2, page 15, to calculate belt pull. Refer to Arc of Contact Factor Chart, Figure 2-2, page 15.
2. Insert the calculated belt pull into the formula for Calculation of Shaft Moment, FIGURE 2-2, page 15 to arrive at the calculated shaft moment.
Inlet and discharge connections on all blowers are large enough to handle maximum volume with minimum friction loss. Reducing the pipe diameter on either inlet or discharge will only create additional line loss and increase the overall pressure differential. Excessive weight of piping and fittings will cause internal misalignment and premature wear. Never allow the blower to carry the weight of the pipe. If possible, a spool or sleeve-type expansion joint should be installed between the unit and the piping. Where a flexible connection is not practical, the weight of the rigid connection must be separately supported.
All system piping must be cleaned internally before connecting to the blower.
Sutorbilt blowers are shipped dry from the factory. Do not attempt to operate the blower before following proper lubrication instructions. Permanent damage to the gears, bearings and seals will occur.
AIR FILTERS AND FILTER SILENCERS
Servicing frequency of filter elements is not time predictable. A differential pressure indicator, with a continuous gauge reading, should be installed across the inlet filter. It will tell how much of the service life of the filter element has been used. It will also eliminate both premature filter servicing and premature blower failure due to a plugged filter when the filter pressure drop is used to establish maintenance points. In all cases refer to the filter manufacturer’s service instructions. Due to the many types of filters, it is not practical to give specific instructions covering all models.